Hyperpigmentation is the medical name for darker regions of skin. These patches result from excess pigment production, which may be caused by everything from skin condition scars and sun injury to  hormone fluctuations.

  1. Lightening creams- Lightening creams are over-the-counter (OTC) treatments that use specific ingredients to help reduce pigmentation. They’re typically applied once or twice a day to help lighten the skin over time.
  2. Face acids- Face acids, also known as skin acids, exfoliate or shed the top layer of your skin. The technique aims to even out and smooth out your skin tone. Many facial acids are available over-the-counter at beauty and drugstores.
  3. Retinoids- Derived from vitamin A, retinoids are among the oldest over-the-counter skincare ingredients. Because of their tiny molecular nature, they can penetrate deep into the skin and treat the layers beneath the epidermis.
  4. Chemical peel- A chemical peel uses higher concentrations of acids to treat the desired area of skin. They remove the epidermis to make hyperpigmentation less visible.
  5. Laser peel (skin resurfacing)- A laser peel (resurfacing) treatment reduces hyperpigmentation by using targeted light beams. There are two types of lasers: ablative and non-ablative. Ablative lasers, which remove layers of your skin, are the most powerful. Non-ablative treatments, on the other hand, concentrate on the dermis to promote collagen growth and tightening.
  6. Intense pulse light therapy (IPL)- IPL is a non-ablative (fractional) laser treatment. IPL therapy, often known as a photofacial, increases collagen development in the dermis. It may also aid in the reduction of wrinkles, spider veins, and enlarged pores.
  7. Microdermabrasion- This is an in-office procedure used to treat hyperpigmentation that only affects the epidermis (superficial scarring). To remove the epidermis, the tool is stroked across your skin too quickly — yet softly. You may require many sessions to reach your desired outcome.
  8. Dermabrasion- While dermabrasion also involves the removal of your epidermis, the effects extend down into your dermis. While dermabrasion is sometimes used to smooth out wrinkles, it has historically been utilised to address textural issues.

These include:

  • acne scars
  • age spots
  • chickenpox scars
  • injury scars
  • sun damage

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